is a modern combat sport derived from the ancient art of swordplay.
Duelling became the epitome of fencing in 16th Century. People duelled each
other for honour, love, fame and notoriety. Novels/movies such as the Three
Musketeers, The Count of Monté Cristo, Scaramouche and Cyrano de Bergerac vividly
illustrate fencing during the time period.
two countries that predominated in fencing were France and Italy. These
two countries have developed the two main styles of modern fencing practiced
worldwide. Today the top five countries in fencing are France, Italy,
Germany, Russia, and Hungary. Over 120 countries have fencing programs
and the strongest following is in Europe followed by the Americas and
Asia. International competition comprises of the World Championships,
the World Cup circuit, the World University Games and the
modern fencing, two combatants contest each other in friendly sword
combat, which is non-fatal and in good sportsmanlike conduct. A
referee officiates the bout along a 14m by 2m boundary. Bouts have
a three minute time limit and last until one opponent attains five valid
hits. An electrical scoring apparatus and equipment are used to help officiate the
bout. Many fencing techniques are lent from the past such as the lunge, fléche, coupé,
bind, disengage, parry and riposte.As well, the rules of combat, the salute, and the white fencing
uniform honour the tradition
of fencing. All terminology is in French, the official language of the
Federation Internationale Escrime (FIE).
Foil- a light weapon
traditionally used for practice. Attacks are made with thrusting the
point to a target area comprising the entire torso. An attack to the
torso would represent a fatal wound to an opponent's vital organs. A
metallic vest (lamé) is worn when fencing with an electronic scoring machine,
this is commonly called "electric fencing". There
is also a right of way protocol, where one must gain the initiative to
score a valid hit. Speed, agility, precision, strategy and tactics are
required. Most beginner lessons will be in foil. The foil is the
most popular and elegant style in fencing.
Epée- a slightly heavier
weapon used for duelling. An attack is made with a thrusting point
to the target area, which is the entire body, from head to toe.
There is a larger guard to parry attacks more effectively due to a
greater target area. The epée simulates closest to duelling so,
double hits can occur. Timing, a long reach, and tactics are required. Tall fencers are
most common in Epée.
e is the word for sword in the French language.
Sabre - a thrusting and slashing weapon used traditionally used in the
are made with the point and the cutting edge to the upper torso, head,
and arms. The guard is crescent shaped to protect the sword hand from
attacks and there is a right of way protocol.Sabre is the fastest paced weapon and requires speed, accuracy,
three weapons can be used with an electronic scoring machine or without,
which is called "dry fencing". The blades and points of the
weapons are dull but very malleable so injuries do not occur but yet
simulate attacks and parries during combat.
are one of the few academies that can offer instruction in all three weapons. We teach all three weapons at the Academy under the supervision of the only Master of Arms
in York Region, Dr. Zachary Kotlyar.
We have beginner lessons for those who
have never fenced before or for those
who need a refresher. Fencing is great exercise for everyone. Our
courses are taught with each individual in mind with a low student to
teacher ratio. Group lessons will consist of a basic warm-up,
stretching, footwork drills, swordplay drills, reaction and
coordination games, and sparring.
required clothing: t-shirt, track/sweat pants, and a separate set
of INDOOR USE ONLY and
court shoes (preferred) or
running shoes . No Street Shoes Are Allowed on the
The most ideal footwear
are specialized indoor court fencing shoes, which are available for
purchase in the Pro Shop.
can be done through telephone: 905.764.8388, email email@example.com
or in person. You can visit the academy to watch classes, as a
courtesy please contact us prior to visiting.
requires special safety equipment to be worn and
safety is of the utmost
importance. Equipment includes a mask, jacket,
glove, inner sleeve (sous-plastron), socks, and pants (breeches). There are 2
levels of safety certification - 350N CE and FIE 800N/1600N certified.1
Newton = the force to accelerate 1 kg mass at the rate of 1 metre per
do not have to buy their own equipment. Equipment will be
supplied. Each person enrolled in the beginner lessons will have a
mask, jacket, glove, inner sleeve (sous-plastron), and practice weapon to use
during each practice. All fencing equipment (mask, jacket,
plastron) will be minimum 350N CE
certified. An equipment deposit is required.
Intermediate and advanced
fencers are REQUIRED to own their own personal equipment and
electrical equipment. All equipment must be minimum 350N CE
certified. Required equipment: mask, jacket, glove, plastron,
socks, pants, electric weapons, body cords, lames, and fencing shoes.
foil and sabre practice sessions requires all fencers to have minimum
350N CE certified masks, 350N jackets, 350N sous-plastrons and fencing gloves
with no tears or holes. Long shorts or track/sweat
pants are allowed for practice and drills, but not in sparring, minimum
350N CE certified fencing pants must be worn.
épée practice sessions requires all fencers to be in Full uniforms with
minimum 350 CE certification.
sessions requires all fencers to be in Full uniforms with minimum 350N CE
certified and athletic support cups. No Exceptions.
All male fencers must
wear an athletic supporter/cup and all women Fencers must wear their
You can find a pricelist of high quality certified equipment in the pro
shop section. Equipment packages begin at $300 and go up to $700. The
price of equipment is still cheaper than a full set of hockey equipment,
Ski/snowboard packages, the latest smartphones,
a fully loaded video game system (Sony PS4 or Xbox One).
You cannot put a price on your own or your child's safety.
Purchase minimum 350N CE certified fencing equipment for
practice and FIE 800N equipment for provincial and national
Replace old, worn, dented, torn and/or damaged equipment.
Once equipment has been comprised, it must be replaced. Never
use bleach on uniforms.
To wash stainless steel silver onyx lames gently hand wash
and hang dry.
Court/running shoes should be replaced every 500 to 800 km or
use, basically 6 to12 months. Once the mid-sole is worn,
stability in the shoe is compromised and the greater the chance
an injury can occur to knees, ankles and hips.
After completing the
beginner or novice courses and you wish to continue, it is required that
you pay an academy membership fee. The academy membership is
for youths, teens and adults. The fees goes directly to the upkeep
and maintenance of the facilities and equipment, complimentary green
tea, fruits and snacks, access to club storage area for lames,
uniforms, shoes, and weapons, access to fencing resource library and
access to the players lounge.
Most fencing clubs in
Ontario operate in public facilities (i.e. community centers, schools,
universities), which are subsidized by municipal and provincial
taxpayers. The Dragon Fencing Academy is a private fencing and martial
arts school, we are
subsidized by public money. Our fees reflect the real costs of running a
is the utmost priority at the Dragon Fencing Academy.
Fencing is highly
regulated with the use of protective safety equipment and rules of play
and conduct. Each practice will include a full warm-up and
stretching. All equipment meets or exceeds Canadian fencing
standards. Each practice will have a
certified coach in
attendance and has first aid and CPR. Participants are encouraged to perform at physical levels
that they are comfortable with.
is a combative and technical contact sport. Some injuries will occur and the majority are minor soft tissue
contusions and abrasions. Most common injuries are
minor welts and bruises. please note that these injuries do not occur frequently in
practice but occur more in sparring and in competitions. As a fencer
attains more experience these injuries will occur less as the fencer will
improve their distance, timing and defensive moves.
Other injuries can occur from
over training, individuals being out of shape, insufficient rest and recuperation
times, or individuals not
wearing the proper safety equipment and/or shoes.
Always make sure you are in
good physical condition before participating in any exercises and
always wear the proper safety and fencing equipment that is in good
Dragon Fencing Academy teaches the Russian school/style of fencing, which
combines the elegance and grace of the French school and the power and
speed of the Italian school. Additional elements include efficiency
of movement, tactical analysis and cognitive awareness of actions. Our pedagogy is
based on Dr. Kotlyar's methods and teachings from Dynamo Kiev Fencing
Reserve Fencing School Kiev.
The Russian school was developed during the1950's as part of the soviet
athletic sport program. The Russians studied many European
Champions including France's Christian D'Oriola. The Russian school has
evolved into the most adopted modern fencing style by most countries
with the emigration of many former Russian/Soviet athletes in the1990's.
At the 2000, 2004 and 2008 Olympics, several countries including:
Canada, USA, South Korea, and China had a soviet trained coach/athlete on their
is a highly technical sport that requires
dedication, discipline, constant practice, and competition. Performance is all
relative. The only way to find out is to compete with other
on the individual, for an adult it takes about 1 year to start seeing winning results
and 2+ years for medal results. This is based on 3 days a week practice, with additional
private lessons and actively competing on the provincial and national
and absence due to work or school commitments, sickness or injury will slow
down progressive results. In general a fencer with more experience
will most likely beat another fencer with less experience.
Winning is not
everything it is
more important to be satisfied with
your own performance and that you are having fun fencing.
THE FIGHT ALONE THAT PLEASES US, NOT THE VICTORY"
general level of fitness is beneficial to perform basic fencing exercises.
Intermediate and advanced level fencers will develop and have a higher physical
As a beginner, you will be using muscles that you have not actively used
before. It will take about a month to adjust and develop muscle
and muscle memory to perform fencing movements accurately and
proficiently. If a child develops a good behaviour towards physical
exercise, that child will grow up with the same attitude to maintain a
healthy physical lifestyle as an adult.
is 50% mental and 50% physical activity. It provides a very good
cardiovascular workout, improves strength, flexibility, endurance,
agility, speed and reaction
times. Fencing also develops cognitive abilities in problem solving
skills, stress management, visualization, focus and concentration.
Fencing also provides an added benefit in fostering interpersonal skills,
discipline and good sportsmanship.
individual who has a health related condition or previous physical injury should consult their physician or specialist before doing any
physical exercises. Women who are pregnant should also consult
their physician before doing any physical exercises and wear a heart rate
Private lessons are to be arranged with the principal of the academy, Stanley
Typical lessons will be $1 to $1.50 per
minute and most lessons are 10, 20, 30
minutes long. You can purchase multiple private lessons package. We have
a new private beginner package available for those who prefer more
All participants in the
sport of fencing must at the minimum purchase an Ontario Fencing
Association Associate membership. These memberships and Licence
are valid for 1 year and must be renew 1st of August every
These fees are requirements for insurance and administration purposes.
For competitive fencers there are additional fees for access to all fencing tournaments in Canada. For International
fencing, fencers must purchase an FIE licence to compete in outside of
their home countries.